Australia (officially, the Commonwealth of Australia) is a country that is composed of the continent and many of the islands south and around the country (Tasmania, etc). It is the sixth-largest country in the world in terms of area. As you will see from the content of this article, Australia is a country that has a very unique history, culture, and geography.
Covering a total area of 7.69 million square kilometres, mainland Australia is the world’s largest island - but smallest continent. Australia is also the only continent that is governed as a single country. It is sometimes informally referred to as an 'island' continent, surrounded by oceans.
Until the late 18th century, when the country of Great Britain settled it and made it a colony, Australia had thousands of indigenous peoples scattered across the country. Until 1901, the six colonies in this region of the world became a federation, which is what we now know as the Commonwealth of Australia. There are currently over 23 million people living in Australia, the majority of which live in the eastern regions of the country and surrounding the urban areas.
Little do people know, Australia is still a constitutional monarchy under the Queen (currently, the Queen of the United Kingdom, Queen Elizabeth II, is also the Queen of Australia). The Queen’s “hand” in Australia is known as the Governor-General, but he only steps into government affairs if necessary. Alongside the Governor-General, there is an elected parliament, which is overseen by a prime minister. There are 6 states and 2 territories in the country of Australia, each of which has their own parliament as well.
Of Australia’s 23 million population, almost half (47%) of all Australians were either born overseas or have one parent born overseas. There are more than 260 languages spoken in Australian homes: in addition to English, the most common are Mandarin, Italian, Arabic, Cantonese and Greek.
Australia has experienced more than 20 years of continued economic growth, weathering the 2008 global financial crisis better than most advanced economies. Australians also have excellent infrastructure, with five of the top 40 cities with the best infrastructure in the world.
The official currency of Australia is the Australian Dollar – AUD. 1 AUD is 0.9 USD
JOB In Australia
Australia's standard entitlement is four weeks per year, after the first year with a company. The first year’s annual leave is pro-rated for the amount of time with the company. Most public employees or ‘servants’ receive five weeks of annual leave. In addition, the standard working week in Australia is 38.5 hours.
Casual workers receive higher rates of hourly pay to compensate for the lack of annual leave, whereas those who work part-time, such as students, are given a pro-rated amount of annual leave based on the hours worked.
A typical allowance for sick leave is 10 days, and one or two days for compassionate leave. Public servants, again, typically receive more generous benefits. Leave days tend to carry forward, however sick leave is rarely paid out in the case of a worker leaving a company.
Long Service Leave (LSL) is often available to encourage workers to stay long-term with a company, as they are paid out after 10 years. LSL is accrued for all workers, from full-time to causal. It accrues at a rate of one week for every 60 weeks of employment with a single employer. This means, in most cases, that you could expect to receive around 13 weeks of leave after 15 years of employment.
Each of Australia’s states establishes its own list of paid public holidays, which are allocated to employees on top of their minimum four weeks of annual leave. Annual leave is exclusive of public holidays. Therefore any public holidays falling within a period of annual leave must be added to the leave.